Nietzsche, Wagner y el Renacimiento italiano
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//// Abstract: The object the essay has in view is to re-define Nietzsche’s relationship with the Renaissance beyond the outstanding terrible simplifications and the literary and aesthetic creations of myths focused on the constellation superman Renaissance willing of power Antichrist. Richard Wagner strongly conditions with his ideas Nietzsche’s valuations of Renaissance: there is, in the young author of the Birth of Tragedy, a first, strong diffidence on the foot-steps of the German ideology of the musician and of his rooted aversion to the Renaissance. The Italian Opera seems a false revival of the Greek-style and is the paradigmatic model of the artifice and of the luxury of a selfish aristocracy, far from the feeling of the Volk. As a philologist and a promoter of a revival of the Greek world in Germany, Nietzsche had necessarily, as a model of comparison, the Italian Renaissance. At the first hostility follows a more free and open evaluation that can be read, in the complexity of its experimental movement, in the posthumous documents. In particular, the influence of Burckhardt, considerable for a new definition of his relationship with the musician, shows a progressive turning-point in the opinion. The essay pauses, on this subject, on Nietzsche’s notes to the lessons dedicated to The Discovery of the Antiquity among the Italians that turned out to be a mosaic of quotations from The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy. It is certainly the most important document, not yet valued, of the close relationship between Nietzsche and Burckhardt. On the search of the complexity and the plurality that characterizes the superior culture, Nietzsche discovers and enhances more and more the value of the Latin Renaissance in direct opposition to the German Renaissance impressed by Wagner’s illusion. With Burckhardt he discovers the individual man and the philologist poet, prototype of the free spirit, putting into practice the detachment from the German myth of the Volk and beginning the way to the culture of the romance.
Palabras clave: Filosofía; Theoría. Revista del Colegio de Filosofía; Romanticismo; Superhombre; Anticristo; Renacimiento Germano; Burckhardt; mitos germanos;
Campioni, Giuliano. “Nietzsche, Wagner y el Renacimiento italiano.” Theoría: Revista del Colegio de Filosofía 10 (2000): 85-106.
Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
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